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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 142-146

Diagnostic reference levels for computed tomography of the head in Anambra State of Nigeria

1 Department of Radiology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiography and Radiological Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
3 Department of Radiography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Thomas Adejoh
Department of Radiology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1115-3474.206806

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Background: Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) were first conceptualized in 1996 by the International Commission on Radiological Protection as a result of wide variations in patient dose levels for the same examination. Current works on computed tomography (CT) doses in Nigeria produced significant variations. These observed variations, coupled with unavailable national or regional DRLs have presented the need for the establishment of standards through a dose survey. Objective: The aim of this study is to establish DRLs for CT of the head in adult populations of Anambra State of Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The retrospective survey was carried out from February to June 2016 in the four busiest CT centers. The digital CT population considered was those of subjects examined in 2015, and who were aged ≥18 years. Two hundred folders, comprising fifty from each center were included. The on-screen volume computed tomography dose index (CTDIvol) and dose-length product (DLP) for the subjects were recorded. The 75th percentile was then calculated for each center to establish center-specific DRLs. Finally, a combined 75th percentile of the CTDIvoland DLP for all centers was calculated to establish the DRLs for the state. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 (SPSS Incorporated, Chicago, Illinois, USA). Results: The digital folders of 104 male and 96 female subjects with age range of 18–93 years were analyzed. The specific 75th percentile of the CTDIvol and the DLP of the centers ranged from 46 to 86 milligray (mGy) and 794 to 1785 mGy centimeters (mGy-cm), respectively. The DRLs for the State are 66 mGy and 1444 mGy-cm, respectively. Conclusion: The DRLs for head CT in Anambra State has been derived. Although the CTDIvolis comparable to the recommendations of the European Commission, the DLP is significantly higher. Further training on dose optimization may help to bring the radiation dose in the locality at par with foreign values.

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