Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 493
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-32

Chest radiographic findings of pulmonary tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients in a teaching hospital in Kano Northwest, Nigeria

1 Department of Radiology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Radiography, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria
3 Department of Internal Medicine/Radiology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
4 Department of Medical Imaging Services, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Mohammed Sani Umar
Department of Radiology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University Kano, Kano
Login to access the Email id

DOI: 10.4103/wajr.wajr_33_18

Rights and Permissions

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common infections to occur in the course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and remains a global emergency despite substantial investment in health services. Aim: This study aims to determine the spectrum of chest X-ray findings in patients with HIV/TB coinfection. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study of the clinical and radiographic features of pulmonary TB (PTB) in 244 confirmed HIV-seropositive patients aged 9 months to 80 years. Descriptive statistics was employed in analyzing mean percentages and frequencies. Level of statistical significance between clinical findings, radiographic findings, age group, and gender was determined using z-test. Statistical significance was set atP ≤ 0.05. Results: The study constituted of 104 (42.62%) males and 140 (57.38%) females with mean age of 31.62 ± 16.93 years. The major clinical features among HIV-related PTB patients in this study are cough in 56.6% patients, chest pain in 11.44% patients, weight loss in 10.26% patients,P < 0.05. Chest X-rays with normal findings were found in 60.0% patients, while primary patterns of PTB such as reticulonodular opacities occurred in 16.61% patients, typical post primary patterns such as background cystic/fibrotic changes were found in 3.39% patients, and miliary pattern in 2.73% patients. The age group 26–38 years was frequently involved in TB coinfections in both sexes,P < 0.001. The percentages of males and females with TB infection were 40.98% and 56.15%, respectively. Conclusions: Normal chest X-rays constitute the major findings; primary and postprimary patterns of PTB account for the least findings with the age group 26–38 years as the most occurring (91, 37.30%). Females were more frequently involved in TB coinfection. The preponderance of normal radiographs does not exclude the presence of TB coinfection.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded18    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal